Inicio » El observatorio constitucional » Una explicación al llamado binomio presidencial. Publicado en el Diario Correo (Piura), Lunes 26 de Marzo de 2012.

Una explicación al llamado binomio presidencial. Publicado en el Diario Correo (Piura), Lunes 26 de Marzo de 2012.

Carlos Hakansson Nieto

Doctor en Derecho (Universidad de Navarra)

Profesor de Derecho Constitucional (Universidad de Piura)

Titular de la Cátedra Jean Monnet (Comisión Europea)

Si bien la Constitución dispone que el Presidente de la República es el Jefe del Estado y personifica la Nación, que cuenta con un Primer Ministro y su gabinete, en la práctica siempre existe una o más personas con las que tiene mayor confianza y escucha siempre antes de decidir; se trata de un primer aro de influencia que varía de mandatario en mandatario, y la actual Presidencia de la República no es la excepción a la regla.

Si observamos el comportamiento de las formas de gobierno en Iberoamérica, no es la primera vez que el cónyuge se convierte en la persona que ocupa el primer grado de influencia, y consejo, en las decisiones presidenciales, pareciéndonos exagerado calificarla de un “cogobierno” o desconocer el diálogo abierto y sincero de una pareja que funciona en el marco matrimonial; no obstante, su evidente notoriedad mediática estaría alimentada por otros factores que nos pueden aclarar el panorama.

En primer lugar, el problema de fondo es la ausencia de un sistema democrático, un modelo sin verdaderos partidos políticos, sin un plan de formación de cuadros a nivel nacional, desde la etapa universitaria, y carecer de un sistema de elección para los candidatos presidenciales, como por ejemplo las llamadas elecciones primarias que se viven actualmente en los Estados Unidos de América entre los candidatos del partido republicano.

En segundo lugar, si añadimos que el presidente elegido puede carecer de formación política y experiencia de gobierno, de manejo de las relaciones internaciones, de una visión como estadista para plantear soluciones a los problemas, parece lógico que los grados de influencia más cercanos para decidir sean los familiares y afectivos, en razón a una mayor garantía de cohesión, prudencia, lealtad, sentido común y buenas intenciones que el Jefe de Estado no encuentra al interior de la precariedad de su partido; y si a lo anterior agregamos la preparación académica del cónyuge, fruto quizá de mejores oportunidades, carisma, capacidad de comunicación e influencia mediática en las redes sociales, el binomio presidencial se encuentra servido.

En los temas que conciernen a la dirección todos necesitamos en quién confiar, es cierto que la prudencia y sentido común, así como la capacidad de saber anticiparse, propia del olfato político, son indispensables en un líder, pero también es cierto que cualquier estadista no debería tomar decisiones sin antes escuchar la opinión y consejo de quienes considere que están más cerca de él.

*****

El observatorio constitucional

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