Inicio » Noticias » Si Barack Obama pierde, no habrá tenido ningún logro. La controversia surge de la obligatoriedad para contar con cobertura de salud antes de 2014.

Si Barack Obama pierde, no habrá tenido ningún logro. La controversia surge de la obligatoriedad para contar con cobertura de salud antes de 2014.

 

La Corte Suprema de Estados Unidos llevó a cabo ayer una audiencia crucial para la sobrevivencia de la ley de seguro de salud del presidente Barack Obama, una reforma clave que si es considerada contraria a la Constitución, podría afectar la reelección presidencial.

La audiencia duró 90 minutos, destinados a debates técnicos. Los nueve jueces, cinco nombrados por un presidente republicano y cuatro por uno demócrata, se declararon competentes para juzgar una medida que no entró en vigencia y a continuar con la audiencia sobre el porvenir de la ley.

La norma pretende que todos los estadunidenses tengan cobertura sanitaria mediante la obligación de contratar un seguro médico y ha despertado pasiones entre quienes la consideran una intromisión gubernamental y quienes defienden la universalidad del acceso a los servicios de salud.

Cientos de personas manifestaban frente a la Corte, la mayoría a favor de la ley, que según Scott Krugman, pediatra de Baltimore (Maryland, este) “aumenta el acceso de muchos niños al seguro de salud y es muy útil para nuestros pacientes”.

“Mi hijo sufre de una enfermedad genética. Si esta ley es derogada, no podrá tener ningún seguro de salud en toda su vida”, declara Elena Young, que vino desde el estado de Nueva York con su hijo de dos años.

La más alta jurisdicción del país no emitirá un veredicto hasta junio pero , dada la importancia del asunto, destinará seis horas de audiencia en total a este documento colosal, un récord cuando en general no brinda más de una hora a cada demanda.

La ley, que prevé dotar de un seguro médico a 32 millones de estadunidenses sin asistencia en la actualidad, será examinada por una Corte de tendencia conservadora, cuyo pronunciamiento fue requerido por el propio gobierno demócrata, por 26 estados del país, más de la mitad, todos republicanos, por una organización patronal y por particulares.

El abogado de la administración Obama ante la Corte Suprema, Donald Verrilli, “va a demostrar por qué esta ley es constitucional y por qué es importante”, dijo a la cadena CNN, David Plouffe, alto consejero de la Casa Blanca.

El defensor de los 26 estados, Paul Clement, adelantó que procurará demostrar que el Congreso ha sobrepasado sus prerrogativas constitucionales con esta legislación.

El centro de la controversia es la obligatoriedad para todos los estadunidenses de dotarse de una cobertura de salud antes de 2014, bajo pena de sanciones.

La Corte suprema abordará hoy ese aspecto y, mañana, la posibilidad de que la ley sobreviva sin esa medida.

En este intercambio jurídico, la Corte debería comenzar por preguntarse si las multas que los estadunidenses que se nieguen a dotarse de un seguro de salud deberán pagar, son un impuesto.

Si la Corte responde afirmativamente, podría tener que acabar declarándose incompetente y retrasar el debate hasta 2015, porque en EU no se puede llevar un impuesto a la justicia hasta que no se ha pagado.

Retrasar el debate hasta 2015 tendría por lo tanto la ventaja de eludir este tema sensible en términos electorales hasta después de las elecciones del 6 de noviembre, en la que el presidente Obama buscará la reelección.

Pero voces como la del veterano abogado del gobierno Neal Katyal, que defendió la ley en instancias inferiores, prefieren que el asunto se resuelva ya.

“Hemos dicho a la Corte que es preferible para el gobierno y para el país tomar una decisión ahora, cuando todo el país la desea, más que en cualquier otro año”, afirmó. “Es un tema de derecho, la elección no debería tener nada que ver con esto”.

Para el analista Ilya Shapiro, del centro de reflexión conservador Cato, este documento bien puede costar el puesto al presidente Obama. Según Shapiro, “si la ley es invalidada, la mayor realización de la administración Obama desa-parecería”.

Chantal Valery/Especial Washington

http://www.milenio.com/cdb/doc/impreso/9136618

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